Greek Grammar


The cases - Οι πτώσεις

There are four cases in Modern Greek (in ancient Greek five). See in the file below when each case can be used.

pdf document The cases

The article - Το άρθρο

The Greek article is a little declinable word which has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. You can find more about the article in the file below.

pdf document The article

Nouns - Ουσιαστικά

Nouns in Greek are declinable words and may be classified as masculine, feminine or neuter. Although the determination of the grammatical gender of the Greek words is often arbitrary, the following rules may be applied with the necessary caution: Names of male persons and male animals are masculine. Names of female persons and female animals are feminine. Names of objects are usually neuter. However notice that in some cases names of persons and animals may be neuter as well and that names of visible and not-visible objects may also be either masculine or feminine.

pdf document Nouns

Adjectives - Επίθετα

Adjectives are declinable words which modify or attribute a property to nouns. They agree in gender, number and case with the noun they refer to.

pdf document Adjectives

Pronouns - Αντωνυμίες

Personal pronouns - Προσωπικές αντωνυμίες

Personal pronouns are declinable words that express the first, second or third person and may be used instead of nouns. The use of personal pronouns with verbs is not obligatory as persons are indicated by the unique personal endings of the verbs.

Possessive pronouns - Κτητικές αντωνυμίες

Possessive pronouns are indeclinable. They have the same form as the weak forms of the personal pronouns in genitive and they express possession.

Relative pronouns - Αναφορικές αντωνυμίες

Relative pronouns are used to join sentenses.

Demonstrative pronouns - Δεικτικές αντωνυμίες

The demonstrative pronouns are used to indicate which entity the speaker refers to.

Interrogative pronouns - Ερωτηματικές αντωνυμίες

The interrogative pronouns are used in order to ask questions.

Indefinite pronouns - Αόριστες αντωνυμίες

Indefinite pronouns refer to one or more unspecified persons and objects.

More about pronouns in the file below.

pdf document Pronouns

Numerals - Αριθμητικά

Numerals may indicate a number, quantity, a position in a series. They may be divided into cardinal, ordinal, multiplicative, relative and collective numerals. You can find more about the numerals in the file below.

pdf document Numerals

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