Greek Grammar

Παρασκευή 19 Ιουλίου 2024, καλησπέρα.
Τον Αλωνάρη δούλευε καλό χειμώνα να έχεις.
Αθήνα: 00:20, Ανατολή ηλίου: 05:17, Δύση ηλίου: 19:45


Verbs - Ρήματα

Verbs are words that state something about the subject of the sentence and may express action, event, or condition. The citation form of the Greek verb is denoted by the 1st person singular of the simple present tense.

The Greek verb can take many different forms which may indicate five properties: person, number, voice, tense and mood. Person is the verb form that expresses the speaker (1st person), the person addressed (2nd person) or the person, animal or thing spoken of (3rd person). Number is the verb form that shows the singularity or the plurality of the subject of the verb. The Greek verb has two numbers, the singular and the plural, and three persons in each number as the English verb but unlike the English verb the person and the number in the Greek verb are included in the ending. Each person either in singular or in plural has a clearly distinguished ending. Therefore the use of personal pronouns before the verbs is not obligatory in Greek. Nevertheless personal pronouns may be used for emphatic reasons. The second person plural is also used as the polite form. The other properties of the Greek verb will be discussed in the following paragraphs.

More information about the verbs in the files below:

pdf document Verbs, voices, conjugations, tenses

pdf document The simple present - Ενεστώτας

pdf document The simple past - Αόριστος

pdf document The Imperfect tense - Παρατατικός

pdf document The simple future - Μέλλοντας στιγμιαίος

pdf document The future continuous - Μέλλοντας διαρκείας

pdf document The present perfect - Παρακείμενος

pdf document The past perfect - Υπερσυντέλικος

pdf document The future perfect - Συντελεσμένος Μέλλοντας

Happy link

If the content of this website has helped you in your effort learning Greek and makes you happy visiting it, please consider donating any amount you wish. It shows your appreciation for the work done and it helps keeping it up to date.

Interesting links

Aorist Irregular Verbs
Check quickly the aorist -the past tense- of irregular and compound prepositional verbs. More than 500 verbs.

Advanced students exercises
Word formation, derivation exercises from newspaper/magazine articles

Certificate of Attainment in Greek
Practice tests for B2, C1, C2 level language use