Verbs - Ρήματα
Verbs are words that state something about the subject of the sentence and may express action, event, or condition. The citation form of the Greek verb is denoted by the 1st person singular of the simple present tense.
The Greek verb can take many different forms which may indicate five properties: person, number, voice, tense and mood. Person is the verb form that expresses the speaker (1st person), the person addressed (2nd person) or the person, animal or thing spoken of (3rd person). Number is the verb form that shows the singularity or the plurality of the subject of the verb. The Greek verb has two numbers, the singular and the plural, and three persons in each number as the English verb but unlike the English verb the person and the number in the Greek verb are included in the ending. Each person either in singular or in plural has a clearly distinguished ending. Therefore the use of personal pronouns before the verbs is not obligatory in Greek. Nevertheless personal pronouns may be used for emphatic reasons. The second person plural is also used as the polite form. The other properties of the Greek verb will be discussed in the following paragraphs.
More information about the verbs in the files below: